21st July

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1969 Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong walk on the moon

 

1970 Aswan Dam completed, allowing the Nile’s floods and droughts to be controlled and generating hydroelectricity

 

Belgian National Day: (independence from Netherlands and crowning of Leopold I).

Belgium is made up of Dutch-speaking Flanders and French-speaking Wallonia.

Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg are also known as the Low Countries.

It was ruled by Franks, including the Merovingian kings and becoming part of the Carolingian Empire under Charlemagne/Charles the Great.

The Eighty Years’ War divided the area between Spain and Austria, and France fought them both until it managed to annex the Low Countries entirely. Later

Napoleon was defeated and it become the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. In 1830 Belgium revolted and gained independence with its own king, Leopold I.

In the First World War Germany invaded and west Belgium was the scene of most Western Front fighting. Germany invaded again in WWII.

Artists like Rubens and Magritte are very famous and Baroque was invented in Belgium.

Tintin is Belgian. The country is also famous for beer, chocolates, waffles and fries with mayonnaise.

Guam Liberation Day (from Japan 1944)

16th July

1969 Apollo 11 launches, to put first astronauts on moon.

Build a cardboard rocket (or just pretend a tent or sofa den is the rocket)

Learn about the moon phases with Oreo cookies:

Make moon sand:

 

Washington D.C. founded 1790: famous for the capital, where the President lives in the White House

20th January

1885 L.A. Thompson patents the rollercoaster – so build a rollercoaster for a marble run or toy cars. This one looks great:

 

1930 Buzz Aldrin born, so maybe build a rocket ship and have a picnic on the moon (moon-cheese sandwiches in circular-cut bread with moon pies)…

… play with moon sand

You could also make a teabag rocket,

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rocket snow globes,

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kitchen roll rockets,

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balloon rockets,

rocket lollies,

paper cup rockets,

cake pop rockets,

rocket ship sandwiches

…  the list is endless.

 

Þorrablót (2016) – Iceland’s pagan midwinter festival. http://icecook.blogspot.co.uk/2006/01/orrablt-or-thorrablot-icelandic.html

21st July

a11-40-5872-74hr

1969 Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong walk on the moon

 

1970 Aswan Dam completed, allowing the Nile’s floods and droughts to be controlled and generating hydroelectricity

 

Belgian National Day: (independence from Netherlands and crowning of Leopold I).

Belgium is made up of Dutch-speaking Flanders and French-speaking Wallonia.

Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg are also known as the Low Countries.

It was ruled by Franks, including the Merovingian kings and becoming part of the Carolingian Empire under Charlemagne/Charles the Great.

The Eighty Years’ War divided the area between Spain and Austria, and France fought them both until it managed to annex the Low Countries entirely. Later

Napoleon was defeated and it become the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. In 1830 Belgium revolted and gained independence with its own king, Leopold I.

In the First World War Germany invaded and west Belgium was the scene of most Western Front fighting. Germany invaded again in WWII.

Artists like Rubens and Magritte are very famous and Baroque was invented in Belgium.

Tintin is Belgian. The country is also famous for beer, chocolates, waffles and fries with mayonnaise.

Guam Liberation Day (from Japan 1944)

20th July

1969 Apollo 11 lands on the moon

1976 Viking I lands on Mars

Colombia Independence Day (from Spain)

At first Columbia was on the route from Mesoamerica and the Carribean to the Andes and Amazon for early humans about 18,000 years ago. The first farmers, the Muiscas around 1000 A.D., grew maize, potatoes, quinoa and cotton – none of which Europe had before we discovered the Americas. They traded gold, emeralds, blankets, ceramics, cocoa and salt with neighbouring countries.

Spanish explorers arrived in 1500, and called it the New Kingdom of Granada. A lot of Spanish explorers were looking for El Dorado, the Golden One, a Muisca chief who covered himself in gold as part of an initiation rite. The legend grew until it was about a whole city or empire made of gold.

This golden raft depicts the El Dorado ceremony.

In 1819 New Granada, led by Simon Bolivar, claimed independence from Spain, and renamed itself Colombia after Christopher Columbus (not a very independent name). Venezuela, Panama and Ecuador were part of Colombia then. Bolívar became its first president.

Venezuela and Ecuador separated from Colombia in 1830. Panama separated in 1903 so that American could build the Canal, for which America paid Colombia $25 million.

Colombia had a few civil wars which eventually were finished when their Conservative and Liberal parties agreed to just swap power every four years, but eventually guerrilla groups formed again. America supported the government in suppressing left-wing militants.

Colombia is part of the Ring of Fire, a part of the world shook by earthquakes and volcanoes, and is dominated by the Andes. Its flora and fauna are considered megadiverse, containing up to 20% of the world’s species.

Its national sport is tejo. It is famous for its emeralds, coffee and Shakira.

Dia del Amigo (Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay)

16th July

1969 Apollo 11 launches, to put first astronauts on moon.

Build a cardboard rocket (or just pretend a tent or sofa den is the rocket)

Learn about the moon phases with Oreo cookies:

Make moon sand:

 

Washington D.C. founded 1790: famous for the capital, where the President lives in the White House