11th June

1770 Capt James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef – there’s an online reef game here, and you could make one out of a fish tank, shells, play dough.

1864 Richard Strauss born – so listen to The Blue Danube

1935 Edwin Armstrong demonstrates FM radio

1936 the International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London – talk about dreams, nightmares and try and draw one

Kamehameha Day: Hawaii celebrates Kamehameha the Great (1758-1819) who united all the islands as one country. Try a Ha’a Koa dance, shell blowing, making a lei or a hula dance. Hawai’i is also famous for killing Captain Cook after he abducted their king as a ransom for a boat they had pinched, and for Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbour (in Hawaii) which brought the US into WWII.

Prince Henrik’s Birthday (Denmark) –  see 5th June

1st May

May Day:

Make a maypole:

a98441_0501_play2_vert

http://www.marthastewart.com/268025/may-day-celebration

Or a mini maypole:

may-day-diy

http://studiodiy.com/2012/04/24/diy-mini-maypole-cakes/

Crown a May queen:

etsy

or make a Green Man:

169f02dce8f6d59279ee2080b876f782

Make May baskets and deliver them secretly to neighbours:

 

skiptomyloumayday2

 

howtomakealeiforkidseasy2

1785 Kingdom of Hawai’i’ formed, so make a lei for Lei Day

 

1840 Penny Black, the first official stamp, released

 

1930 Pluto, dwarf planet, named

 

1931 Empire State Building dedicated

 

Festa Dei Serpari (Cocullo, Italy, celebrates its patron saint St Dominick by catching snakes, removing their fangs then using them like tinsel decorations on statues of saints).

Other events today:

  • 1948 North Korea established – see 27th December
  • Kazakhstan People’s Unity Day – see 30th August
  • Latvia Constitution Day – see 18th November
  • Marshall Islands Constitution Day
  • Dia del Trabajo (Day of the Worker, Latin America)
  • 1328 Scotland gains independence from England – see 30th November
  • 1707 Scotland and England join up again into Britain
  • 1786 Mozart’s Marriage of Figaro first performed

11th June

1770 Capt James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef – there’s an online reef game here, and you could make one out of a fish tank, shells, play dough.

1864 Richard Strauss born – so listen to The Blue Danube

1935 Edwin Armstrong demonstrates FM radio

1936 the International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London – talk about dreams, nightmares and try and draw one

Kamehameha Day: Hawaii celebrates Kamehameha the Great (1758-1819) who united all the islands as one country. Try a Ha’a Koa dance, shell blowing, making a lei or a hula dance. Hawai’i is also famous for killing Captain Cook after he abducted their king as a ransom for a boat they had pinched, and for Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbour (in Hawaii) which brought the US into WWII.

Prince Henrik’s Birthday (Denmark) –  see 5th June

1st May

May Day:

Make a maypole:

a98441_0501_play2_vert

http://www.marthastewart.com/268025/may-day-celebration

Or a mini maypole:

may-day-diy

DIY Mini Maypole Cakes

Crown a May queen:

etsy

or make a Green Man:

169f02dce8f6d59279ee2080b876f782

Make May baskets and deliver them secretly to neighbours:

 

skiptomyloumayday2

 

howtomakealeiforkidseasy2

1785 Kingdom of Hawai’i’ formed, so make a lei for Lei Day

 

1840 Penny Black, the first official stamp, released

 

1930 Pluto, dwarf planet, named

 

1931 Empire State Building dedicated

 

Festa Dei Serpari (Cocullo, Italy, celebrates its patron saint St Dominick by catching snakes, removing their fangs then using them like tinsel decorations on statues of saints).

Other events today:

  • 1948 North Korea established – see 27th December
  • Kazakhstan People’s Unity Day – see 30th August
  • Latvia Constitution Day – see 18th November
  • Marshall Islands Constitution Day
  • Dia del Trabajo (Day of the Worker, Latin America)
  • 1328 Scotland gains independence from England – see 30th November
  • 1707 Scotland and England join up again into Britain
  • 1786 Mozart’s Marriage of Figaro first performed

26th March

Mothering Sunday (UK 2017): Originally this was the day you sent your servants home to their families so they could visit their mother church, but now it’s just our Mother’s Day. You’ll be wanting this Pinterest page. I like to have a nice walk somewhere pretty followed by afternoon tea on my Mother’s Day.

 

1484 William Caxton’s translation of Aesop’s Fables printed – listen here.

Bangladesh Independence Day:

Ancient Bengal was conquered by the Iron Age Mauryan Empire, then the Gupta Empire (which was the Golden Age of India, making scientific discoveries and Hindu culture), then the Gauda kingdom rose up.

The 8th-11th centuries were ruled by the Buddhist Pala dynasty, followed by a Hindu Sena dynasty. In 1204 a Muslim Turk army defeated the Sena dynasty and Bengal was ruled by Muslims for a while. Then it was part of the Mughal Empire, led by Turko-Mongols from what is now Uzbekistan, such as Akbar the Great.

Medieval geographers thought the original Garden of Paradise was at the mouth of the Ganges.

The Hindu Maratha Empire pushed out the Mughal Empire in the 18th century. They kept raiding Bengal, taking Orissa and Western Bengal and imposing a tax in return for leaving the rest alone.

Portuguese traders began to settle the area from 1537, and in 1757 the constant embarrassment that is the British East India Company took the whole area. We treated them terribly and crushed ‘mutinies’, like the ‘Indian Rebellion of 1857’ ((the Indians called it their First War of Independence) which brought the whole country under Empress Victoria’s rule.

In 1943 Japan occupied nearby Burma and caused a famine that killed 3 million Bengalis.

In 1947 Britain withdrew from Bengal and split it, the Hindu west going to India and the Muslim east going to Pakistan.

The Awami League was formed to promote Bengali rights; its president, Mujibur Rahman, was arrested and when he won a majority election in 1970 was blocked from taking office.

Pakistan’s preisdent, Yahya Khan, invaded East Pakistan and began a genocide of Hindus, Bengali-speakers and dissidents. America and India helped until Pakistan surrendered in 1971.

Since Bangladesh was formed, presidents were regularly assassinated, and in 2007 the military installed a neutral caretaker government to root out corruption. In 2009 a fair election was held and the Awami League’s Sheikh Hasina won.

Learn about the Royal Bengal Tiger; the national fruit is the jackfruit; the national tree is the mango tree.

Make a biryani for dinner.

Other events that might inspire your play today:

  • Mali Day of Democracy – see 22nd September
  • Prince Kuhio Day (Hawaii) – see 11th June
  • Prophet Zoroaster’s Birthday (Founder of Zoroastrianism, 660 583 B.C.)