29th September

1885 the first public tram opens in Blackpool;

1571 Caravaggio born;

Michaelmas, feast of the Archangels: traditional food on this day is the St Michael’s Bannock.

International Coffee Day – make a big coffee cart for your kid (above) or a little one for their dolls.

Inventors’ Day (Argentina)

World Heart Day – learn more about your heart here.

28th September

1990 Nintendo Gameboy released

Czech Statehood Day

The first recorded ‘kingdom’ of Slavs was the Samo Empire in the seventh century, which lasted only 30 years. Czechs then became part of the Moravian Empire.

In 1198 the kingdom of Bohemia was formed in the Holy Roman Empire. This is where we get the idea of ‘bohemian’ from – it was a French insult that meant ‘gypsy’, who they thought came from central Europe. Bohemia then became part of the Austrian Empire.

In 1867 the Austrian and Hungarian kingdoms joined to become the Austro-Hungarian Empire (with two kings). Hungaria owned Slovakia.

At the end of WWI the Austro-Hungarian Empire collapsed and the Bohemian Kingdom and Slovakia became Czechoslovakia.

In 1938 Hitler demanded control of the Sudetenland, part of Czechoslovakia. For some reason he asked Britain and France for this, rather than Czechoslovakia, and for some reason we said “Yeah sure.” A year later Hitler took the rest of Czechoslovakia. Czechs were considered Untermenschen (inferior) and were to be deported or turned into Germans. Hundreds of thousands of Jews were also killed.

Soviet troops freed Czechoslovakia, but they did take Subcarpathian Ruthenia (Czech land has the best names) for themselves on the way out. Over 2 million ethnic Germans were kicked out.

Czechoslovakia became a Communist country. In 1968 there was the Prague Spring, where they tried to be a bit liberal, but it was soon quashed because Russia invaded them.

In 1989 the Velvet (i.e., peaceful) Revolution restored democracy, and in 1992 Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

The Czech Republic is famous for beautiful Prague:

Jan Svankmajer, Sigmund Freud, Franz Kafka. It has the highest density of castles in the world, and is the most eastern part of the western world.

Manit Day (Marshall Islands cultural day).

27th September

1825 Stockton-Darlington Railway opens – here’s some train activities:

top-train-activities-for-kids-2013-from-play-trains-b

Top Train Activities for Kids 2013

and here’s snacks and party games!

clever-train-crafts-and-party-ideas-inspired-and-sponsored-by-thomas-friends-trackmaster-at-b-inspired-mama

Thomas Inspired Train Crafts and Party Ideas

1998 Google ‘born’

 

Also today:

  • End of the War of Independence (Mexico) – see 16th September
  • French Community Holiday (Belgium) – see 1st July

26th September

1898 George Gershwin born – famous for ‘Rhapsody in Blue‘, ‘I Got Rhythm‘, ‘Fascinating Rhythm‘, ‘Let’s Call The Whole Thing Off‘, ‘They All Laughed‘, and ‘They Can’t Take That Away From Me‘.

New Zealand Dominion Day – famous for its indigenous Maoris, and their haka war dance at rugby games. It was the first place in the world to grant women the vote. There are about ten times more sheep than humans in New Zealand! It’s so anti-nuclear that nuclear-powered ships can not land in their harbours.

European Day of Languages – here’s some Language Facts and Fun.

Also today:

25th September

1066 King Harald defeats the Norwegian Vikings in Yorkshire at the Battle of Stamford Bridge. He’s killed at Hastings three weeks later, but this is seen as the end of the Viking Age.

1903 Rothko born.

Math Storytelling Day – resources here and here. I really like the Bedtime Math page and this maths story series is so cute.

24th September

neon_light
http://www.thebubble.org.uk/science/noble-neon

1870 Georges Claude born (inventor of neon lighting) – here’s how they are made.

1936 Jim Henson born  – so watch The Muppets or Labyrinth or Sesame Street or anything with Kermit and Miss Piggie.

Guinea Bissau National Day (independence from Portugal, 1973)

Guinea Bissau was part of the African Mali empire, then part of the Portuguese Empire, known as the Slave Coast, although the African chiefs (some of whom profited from the slave trade) kept the Portuguese in the coastal ports and didn’t let them inland.

An armed rebellion started in 1956 and quickly got support from the Soviet Union, Cuba, left-leaning African countries, etc. By 1973 they achieved independence. Afterwards the government killed all Guinean soldiers who’d fought on the side of the Portuguese and eventually managed democratic elections in 1994.

Also today:

  • S. Africa Heritage Day
  • New Caledonia Day
  • Cambodia Constitution Day – see 9th November
  • Trinidad and Tobago Republic Day – see 31st August
  • Thailand Mahidol Day (founder of modern Thai medicine) – see 5th December

23rd September

1846 Neptune discovered

1909 Phantom of the Opera published

Saudi Arabia National Day

Thimphu Tshechu (Bhutan, 2015)

Eid-ul-Adha (2015 – the one where they eat all the meat, usually sheep/goat, to celebrate that time Ibrahim – Abraham in the Bible version – was asked by Allah/God to sacrifice his son Ismail/Isaac. Allah gave him a goat to sacrifice at the last minute.